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Word of the Week: Ephemeral, Irrigate, Superfluous

This year, why not expand your vocabulary one thesaurus section at a time?

Word of the Week: Ephemeral 

How to say it

Ephemeral [ ih-fem-er-uhl ]

What it means

  1. lasting a very short time

ephemeral pleasures

 2. lasting one day only

an ephemeral fever

Where it comes from

First recorded in 1570–80; from Greek ephḗmer(os) “short-lived, lasting but a day,” equivalent to ep-,variant of the preposition and prefix epí, epi- “on; over; near; before” + hēmér(a) “day” + -os adjective suffix + -al adjective suffix; 

Examples of debacle in a Sentence

There’s no ephemeral rush of terror from scaling icy chimneys or descending hillsides.

Honk introduces a real-time, ephemeral messaging app aimed at Gen Z — Instead of sending texts off into the void and hoping for a response, friends on Honk communicate via messages that are shown live as you type.

Word of the Week: Irrigate 

How to say it

Irrigate [ ir-i-geyt ]

What it means

  • to supply (land) with water by artificial means, as by diverting streams, flooding, or spraying.
  • Medicine/Medical. to supply or wash (an orifice, wound, etc.) with a spray or a flow of some liquid.
  • to moisten; wet.

Where it comes from

1605–15; <Latin irrigātus, past participle of irrigāre to wet, flood, nourish with water, equivalent to ir-ir-1 + rigā- (stem of rigāre to provide with water, soak) + -tus past participle suffix

Examples of debacle in a Sentence

Elders in the area say that farmers stopped using its waters to irrigate their crops in the 1980s when an oil company began operating upstream.

The proposed route ran underneath the waterway, which she uses to irrigate her 500 acres of corn and soybeans.

Word of the Week: Superfluous 

How to say it

Superflous [ soopur-floo-uhs ]

What it means

  • being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
  • unnecessary or needless.
  • Obsolete. possessing or spending more than enough or necessary; extravagant.

Where it comes from

1400–50; late Middle English <Latin superfluus, equivalent to super-super- + flu- (stem of fluere to flow) + -us-ous

Examples of debacle in a Sentence

Mostly you don’t need to align, most folks taking part are superfluous and as accidental team-building exercises they are incredibly expensive in terms of human-hours.

In a speech from the Senate floor, he drew attention to taxpayer-funded research that he presented as unnecessary and superfluous.

How ‘the twisties’ stopped Simone Biles cold

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