The International Olympic Committee (IOC) extended more guidelines on athletes’ freedom of expression at the Tokyo Games but warned against political gestures during official ceremonies, competition and in the Olympic Village.
The IOC said the guidelines were approved by the Executive Board of the IOC as part of the IOC Athletes’ Commission’s (IOC AC) recommendations. The IOC said the guidelines offer “further clarity” on the “wide range of opportunities available to them to express their views.”
Athletes will be allowed to express a political gesture prior to the start of a competition or during their introduction or the introduction of the team. However, the gesture must meet four different criteria.
The gesture has to be consistent with the “Fundamental Principles of Olympism,” cannot be targeted at a certain people, country or organization, cannot be disruptive and cannot already be banned by a nation’s own Olympic committee or federation.
“When expressing their views, athletes are expected to respect the applicable laws, the Olympic values and their fellow athletes. It should be recognized that any behavior and/or expression that constitutes or signals discrimination, hatred, hostility or the potential for violence on any basis whatsoever is contrary to the Fundamental Principles of Olympism,” the IOC said.
If an athlete breaks the guidelines, the IOC laid out possible discipline. The IOC could have disciplinary hearings, in which the athlete would be required to provide full transparency about their actions.
“The new guidelines are a result of our extensive consultation with the global athletes’ community,” IOC AC Chair Kirsty Coventry said. “While the guidelines offer new opportunities for athletes to express themselves prior to the competition, they preserve the competitions on the Field of Play, the ceremonies, the victory ceremonies and the Olympic Village. This was the wish of a big majority of athletes in our global consultation.”
The latest guidelines come amid an uproar over U.S. hammer thrower Gwen Berry’s demonstration during the national anthem. While those on social media have called for her removal from the Olympic team, the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Committee (USOPC) decided in December not to punish anyone for Olympic protests.
The “racial and social demonstrations” that are allowed include holding up a fist, kneeling during the national anthem and wearing hats or face masks with the phrases “Black Lives Matter,” “equality” or “justice” on them, according to the USOPC. Hate symbols, as defined by the Anti-Defamation League, are not allowed, nor are actions that would impede others competing in a particular event, including laying down on a playing surface.
The USOPC said any demonstration that takes place should involve “advancing racial and social justice; or promoting the human dignity of individuals or groups that have historically been underrepresented, minoritized, or marginalized in their respective societal context.”
The organization warned athletes they could still be up for discipline from the IOC.
Berry and Race Imboden were both disciplined by the USOPC in 2019 over their demonstrations on the podium at the Pan American Games.
By Ryan Gaydos